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How will the Trump administration’s new immigration restrictions affect the US economy?

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2020 immigration restrictions

Trumps new 2020 immigration restrictions– A new White House executive order suspending temporary work visas and other avenues of legal immigration does “a big disservice to the American people,” Brookings Senior Fellow Dany Bahar says. Bahar explains  in this podcast why the restrictions targeting high-skilled immigration hurt the U.S. economy, and the crucial role immigrants play as engines of economic growth and job creation.

Dany Bahar - WikipediaWhat is the US doing on climate change?

Dany Bahar is a Turkish-born Swiss business executive and the founder of luxury automotive retailer ARES. His involvement in the automotive and motorsports industries began at Red Bull, where between 2003 and 2007 he led the launch of the Formula One teams Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso.

Adrianna Pita is the Assistant Director of Events at The Brookings InstitutionExperienced events manager and editor for more than 15 years at one of the nation’s oldest and most prestigious think tanks, and now host of the Intersections podcast.

 

2020 immigration restrictions

 

Trump suspends temporary work visas in the United States

On Monday, United States President Donald Trump signed an executive order to temporarily suspend certain work visas that will temporarily block foreign skilled employees, specialized workers, managers, and seasonal workers from entering the country until the end of 2020.

 Donald Trump believes that by signing the executive order on Monday he will open up 520,000 jobs for American workers and help reshape the economy after the pandemic. An official in the White House was asked how and where did President Trump get his magic 520,000 number, but couldn’t come up with a reasonable answer, they  simply said it would “get Americans back to work as quickly as possible.”

Who is affected by the 2020 immigration restrictions

H-1B visas for high-skilled workers widely employed by America’s tech industry, L visas often used by businesses to transfer foreign workers within a company, J-1 visas for foreign cultural and work exchanges, and H-2B visas for temporary workers in nonagricultural industries.

Visa holders’ dependents, such as spouses and minor children, would be affected as well. They usually receive visas with limited work possibilities.

Who is not affected by the 2020 immigration restrictions

Those who already have valid a visa or green card, whether inside or outside the country, or those who already applied for green cards or temporary visas from inside the U.S.

Others exempted under the order include spouses or children of U.S. citizens, those providing services deemed essential for the U.S. food supply, or if someone is of national interest as determined by the State Department or the Department of Homeland Security.

Trump believes as a Nation we must remain mindful of the impact of foreign workers on the United States labor market, especially during this time when there are high domestic unemployment and depressed demand for labor. He believes the  United States economy will require several months to get back on its feet, and several more months to restore to somewhat stable labor demand.  He also believes that by allowing the entry of certain aliens as immigrants and nonimmigrants, it would be detrimental to the interests of the United States. Therefore Donald J. Trump has signed Proclamation Suspending Entry to certain Aliens Who Present a Risk to the U.S. Labor Market Following the Coronavirus Outbreak. The continuance of Proclamation 10014 will go in effect immediately.

“This action is not only an attempt to divert attention away from Trump’s failure to stop the spread of the coronavirus and save lives but an authoritarian-like move to take advantage of a crisis and advance his anti-immigrant agenda,” Castro tweeted Monday night. “We must come together to reject his division.”

House Judiciary Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.) echoed Castro, tweeting: “President Trump now seeks to distract us from his fumbled COVID-19 response by trying to put the blame on immigrants. The truth is many immigrants are on our front lines, protecting us as doctors, nurses, health aids, farmworkers, and restaurant workers.”

Another recent article here: https://immigrationreformnews.com/mexican-border-control/

Source: How will the Trump administration’s new immigration restrictions affect the US economy?

https://www.brookings.edu/series/the-current-podcast/

By Dany Bahar, Adrianna Pita

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BPC Applauds Biden Administration’s Move to Utilize FEMA to Aid Migrant Children

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Here’s some good news on the DACA front with FEMA stepping in to assist:

Washington, DC – Over the past eight years the composition of migrants arriving at the U.S. southern border has significantly changed, shifting from mostly Mexican adults seeking work to large numbers of Central Americans—including families and children—seeking asylum. This paradigm shift has overwhelmed existing infrastructure several times now, leading to humanitarian emergencies, with migrants held in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions. In 2019, the Bipartisan Policy Center put forward a plan for an “immigration Federal Emergency Management Agency” that would be a flexible response-unit that could support the Department of Homeland Security’s mission and provide humanitarian services whenever and, more importantly, wherever a large unexpected increase in immigration occurs.

Source: https://bipartisanpolicy.org/press-release/bpc-applauds-biden-administrations-move-to-utilize-fema-to-aid-migrant-children/

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SCOTUS to hear “Public Charge Rule” case.

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SCOTUS has agreed to hear the “Public Charge Rule” case e.g. Department of Homeland Security, et al., Petitioners v. New York, et al. This rule is viewed as seeking to discourage some immigrants, by way of denying green cards, from using public services such as food stamps. Even though the issues being taken up in court this Fall, it may actually become null if the Biden administration revises it before then.

Per today’s New York Times article: “The Trump administration announced in 2019 that it would revise the rule, which allows officials to deny permanent legal status, also known as a green card, to immigrants who are likely to need public assistance. In the past, only substantial and sustained monetary help or long-term institutionalization counted, and fewer than 1 percent of applicants were disqualified on public-charge grounds.”

No. 20-449
Title: Department of Homeland Security, et al., Petitioners
v.
New York, et al.
Docketed: October 8, 2020
Lower Ct: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
   Case Numbers: (19-3591, 19-3595)
   Decision Date: August 4, 2020
Questions Presented
Date Proceedings and Orders
Oct 07 2020 Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due November 9, 2020)
Proof of ServicePetition
Oct 23 2020 Motion of Make the Road New York, et al. to extend the time to file a response from November 9, 2020 to December 9, 2020, submitted to The Clerk.
Main Document
Oct 23 2020 Motion State of New York, et al. to extend the time to file a response from November 9, 2020 to December 9, 2020, submitted to The Clerk.
Main Document
Oct 26 2020 The motions to extend the time to file responses are granted and the time is extended to and including December 9, 2020, for all respondents.
Nov 03 2020 Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, United States Department of Homeland Secuirty, et al.
Blanket Consent
Nov 20 2020 Motion of New York, et al. to extend the time to file a response from December 9, 2020 to January 8, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.
Main Document
Nov 20 2020 Motion of the MRNY Respondents to extend the time to file a response from December 9, 2020 to January 8, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.
Main Document
Nov 20 2020 Response to motions from petitioner United States Department of Homeland Secuirty, et al. filed.
Main Document
Nov 27 2020 The motions to further extend the time to file responses to the petition for a writ of certiorari are DENIED.
Dec 09 2020 Brief of respondents States of New York, Connecticut, and Vermont; and City of New York in opposition filed.
Main DocumentProof of ServiceCertificate of Word Count
Dec 09 2020 Brief of respondents Make the Road New York, African Services Committee, Asian American Federation, Catholic Charities Community Services (Archdiocese of New York), and Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. in opposition filed.
Main DocumentProof of ServiceCertificate of Word Count
Dec 23 2020 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/8/2021.
Dec 23 2020 Reply of petitioners United States Department of Homeland Secuirty, et al. filed. (Distributed)
Main DocumentCertificate of Word Count
Jan 19 2021 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/22/2021.
Feb 12 2021 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/19/2021.
Feb 22 2021 Petition GRANTED.
Attorneys for Petitioners
Elizabeth B. Prelogar
Counsel of Record
Acting Solicitor General
United States Department of Justice 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20530-0001SupremeCtBriefs@USDOJ.gov
202-514-2217
Party name: United States Department of Homeland Secuirty, et al.
Attorneys for Respondents
Jonathan Hillel Hurwitz
Counsel of Record
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
1285 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10019jhurwitz@paulweiss.com
(212) 373-3254
Party name: Make the Road New York, African Services Committee, Asian American Federation, Catholic Charities Community Services (Archdiocese of New York), and Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.
Barbara Dale Underwood
Counsel of Record
Solicitor General
Office of the Attorney General
28 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10005-1400Barbara.underwood@ag.ny.gov
212-416-8016
Party name: States of New York, Connecticut, and Vermont; and City of New York

 

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DOL And DHS Interim Final Rules Halted By Court Order

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Supreme court of california main court house

As noted on Mondaq.com, written by Cheryl J. Gardner , Jason Burritt and Michelle Gergerian  of Seyfarth Shaw LLP

and on this direct link: https://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/employee-rights-labour-relations/1012618/court-order-halts-dol-and-dhs-interim-final-rules

On December 1, 2020, a U.S. Federal District Court in California set aside the two Interim Final Rules announced in October by the U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) and the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”).

The DOL rule, which took effect on October 8, 2020, significantly increased prevailing wage levels for H-1B, H-1B1 and E-3 programs and the permanent labor certification (PERM) program.

The DHS rule was scheduled to take effect on December 7, 2020 and would have placed further restrictions on the H-1B program, including in particular narrowing the definition of “specialty occupation.”

The Court Order, effective immediately, found that the agencies did not show good cause in bypassing the notice and comment period, required by the Administrative Procedures Act.

For more information, again here’s the direct link:  https://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/employee-rights-labour-relations/1012618/court-order-halts-dol-and-dhs-interim-final-rules

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